E-ISSN 2146-3077
Case Report
TRALI Syndrome During the Treatment of a Plasmodium falciparum Malaria Case
1 Department of Infectious Diseases, Medeniyet University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey  
2 Department of Internal Medicine, Fatih University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey  
Turkiye Parazitol Derg 2016; 40: 205-207
DOI: 10.5152/tpd.2016.4149
Key Words: Plasmodium falciparum, TRALI syndrome, transfusion reaction

Malaria, which is one of the three most important infectious diseases globally, is endemic in many areas of the world. Plasmodium falciparum is not endemic to Turkey but can be seen after travel to epidemic countries. Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) syndrome is a rare disease, which may develop following the transfusion of all types of blood products, including plasma. Here we describe a case of TRALI syndrome in a 29-year-old male, who presented with fever after 15 days of returning from a business trip to Burkina Faso. It developed immediately after the infusion of fresh frozen plasma during the treatment of P. falciparum malaria. The patient’s condition improved on respiratory support treatment in the intensive care unit for 48 hours without the need of mechanical ventilation. This case indicated that TRALI syndrome has to be considered in the differential diagnosis as an emerging acute lung disease during the treatment of malaria.

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