E-ISSN 2146-3077
Original Article
Evaluation of Patients with Cystic Echinococcosis
1 Department of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Afyon Kocatepe University School of Medicine, Afyonkarahisar, Turkey  
2 Department of General Surgery, Afyon Kocatepe University School of Medicine, Afyonkarahisar, Turkey  
3 Department of Chest Surgery, Afyon Kocatepe University School of Medicine, Afyonkarahisar, Turkey  
4 Department of Pediatric Surgery, Afyon Kocatepe University School of Medicine, Afyonkarahisar, Turkey  
Turkiye Parazitol Derg 2017; 41: 28-33
DOI: 10.5152/tpd.2017.4953
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Key Words: Cystic echinococcosis, hydatid cyst, zoonotic diseases
Abstract

Objective: Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a globally prevalent zoonotic disease.

 

Methods: Demographic, clinical, laboratory, and follow-up data of patients between May 2009 and 2015 were retrospectively analyzed by screening data from a hospital automation system.

 

Results: A total of 238 (females, n=139 and males, n=99) patients with a mean age of 40.6±20.58 years were included. Less than half (40.8%) of the patients were living in the countryside. Hepatic involvement of CE was most frequently (72.2%) seen. A majority (75.6%) of the patients were symptomatic, but abdominal pain was the most frequently seen symptom. For diagnosis, in all patients, imaging modalities were used, while in 66% of the patients, serological methods were also employed. The patients received both medical and surgical treatments (78.5%, n=187), only surgical treatment (10.5%, n=25), or only medical treatment (8.8%, n=21). Surgical treatment was performed for patients with hepatic (n=139/176, 80.6%), pulmonary (n=78/94, 82.9%), splenic (n=7/9; 77.7%), and mesenteric (n=6/7, 85.1%) cysts, and patients cases with brain, bone, muscle, omentum, bladder, and adrenal cysts had undergone surgical intervention.

 

Conclusion: Publication of regional data is important in terms of epidemiological considerations and may aid in the formulation of standard treatment approaches. 

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