E-ISSN 2146-3077
Review
Sand Flies and Their Control Methods
1 Akdeniz Üniversitesi Fen Fakültesi, Biyoloji Bölümü, Antalya, Türkiye  
2 Ege Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Parazitoloji Anabilim Dalı, İzmir, Türkiye  
Turkiye Parazitol Derg 2017; 41: 102-113
DOI: 10.5152/tpd.2017.5296
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Key Words: Integrated Pest Management, sand flies, management methods
Abstract

The main aim of managing arthropod vectors that carry the disease agents is interrupting the infection cycle. Therefore, the management of the disease implies that all precautions related to all elements (i.e., human, arthropod vector, and reservoir) in the infection cycle need to be taken. There are important points that need to be considered while dealing with sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae), which in many regions worldwide, particularly in tropical and subtropical areas, are vectors of diseases such as leishmaniasis and sand fly fever and are the arthropods of the infection cycle. Because the larval control of the sand flies is very difficult and almost impossible, the management is mainly conducted for the adults. The most effective strategy for reducing both sand fly fever and leishmaniasis is managing sand flies, particularly in areas where humans are located. In this review, the morphology, biology, and taxonomy of sand flies; the integrated fighting and management methods such as insecticide-impregnated bed nets and use of curtains, zooprophylaxis, indoor and outdoor residual applications, larvicides, repellents, and insecticide-impregnated dog collars; and data regarding many issues such as insecticide resistance in sand flies have been emphasized on in the review.

 

Cite this article as: Çetin H, Özbel Y. Kum Sinekleri (Yakarca, Tatarcık) ve Kontrol Yöntemleri. Türkiye Parazitol Derg 2017; 41: 102-13.

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