E-ISSN 2146-3077
Original Article
Comparison of Microscopy and EIA in the Diagnosis of Giardia intestinalis in Stool Specimens
1 Dicle Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Mikrobiyoloji ve Klinik Mikrobiyoloji Anabilim Dalı, Diyarbakır  
2 Dicle Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Mikrobiyoloji ve Klinik Mikrobiyoloji Anabilim Dalı  
3 Dicle Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Mikrobiyoloji Anabilim Dalı  
Turkiye Parazitol Derg 2005; 29: 89-92

Key Words: Giardia intestinalis, EIA, Direct microscopy

 In this study; we compared the direct microscopic method and EIA test in the investigation of the stools of patients with gastrointestinal symptoms who presented at clinics. A total of 188 stool specimens collected from clinics were investigated by direct microscopy using native-Lugol preparations. Giardia cysts and/or trophozoites were observed in 141 specimens. There were no Giardia cysts and/or trophozoites or any other intestinal parasites detected in the other 47 stool specimens. The RIDASCREENR EIA kit procedure was applied in all specimens. Out of 141 specimens positive with direct microscopy, 136 specimens were positive with the EIA test and 5 specimens, negative. Parasites were not found in 47 stool specimens with direct microscopy. Of these, 38 specimens were negative with the EIA test and 9 specimens, positive. When the patient and control groups were compared, a significant difference was observed between the two methods (p<0.05). The sensitivity and specificity of the EIA method that was used to determine the antigenic properties of G. intestinalis in stools were 96.4% and 80.8%, respectively. 

Key Words
Reviewer's Corner
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