E-ISSN 2146-3077
Original Article
Prevalence of Cystic Echinococcosis in Slaughtered Cattle in Afyonkarahisar
1 Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Parazitoloji Anabilim Dalı, Kars; Kocatepe Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Parazitoloji Anabilim Dalı, Afyon  
2 Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi, Veteriner Fakültesi, Parazitoloji Anabilim Dalı, Afyonkarahisar, Türkiye  
Turkiye Parazitol Derg 2008; 32: 27-30

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Key Words: Cystic echinococcosis, cattle, prevalence
Abstract

This study was carried out in 1001 cattle that were slaughtered in 3 abattoirs in the Afyonkarahisar district of western Turkey. Abattoirs were visited twice a week and internal organs of the cattle were examined for cystic echinococcosis (CE). The number of organs discarded because of CE was recorded. CE was found in 295 (29.47%) out of 1001 cattle studied. CE was found in 113 (44.31%) out of 255 cows and 182 (24.39%) out of 746 bulls. This difference was statistically significant (p<0.001). CE was observed only in liver of 130 (44.06%) cattle, only in lungs of 91 (30.85%); only in hearts of 2 (0.68%) and only in the kidney of 1 (0.34%); in both livers and lungs of 70 (23.73%), and in both hearts and lungs of 1 (0.34%). Also, the rate of CE was significantly higher in cows than bulls in terms of organ predilection (p<0.001). Forty three livers were completely discarded along with half of 18 livers, a quarter of 37 livers and the remaining livers in various degrees. Forty four lungs were completely destroyed along with half of 13and a quarter of 21 whereas 3 hearts and one kidney were completely destroyed. The fertility rate of cysts was found to be 5.42%. In this study the prevalence of CE in cattle in Afyonkarahisar district has been documented and possible economic losses due to CE were emphasized. 

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