E-ISSN 2146-3077
Original Article
Distribution of Intestinal Parasites among Patients Who Presented at the Parasitology Laboratory of the Kocaeli University School of Medicine Hospital
1 Kocaeli Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Mikrobiyoloji Anabilim Dalı, Kocaeli, Türkiye  
2 Kocaeli Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Mikrobiyoloji ve Klinik Mikrobiyoloji Anabilim Dalı  
3 Kocaeli Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Klinik Bakteriyoloji ve Enfeksiyon Hastalıkları Anabilim Dalı, Kocaeli, Türkiye  
Turkiye Parazitol Derg 2008; 32: 126-129

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Key Words: Intestinal parasites, prevalence, Kocaeli, Turkey
Abstract

In this study, 5178 fecal samples collected from patients who applied to our university during May 2003 through June 2005 were examined for the presence of intestinal parasites. Out of 5178 samples, 4560 of them were collected with cellophane tape preparations. Fecal samples were examined using native- Lugol and the trichrome staining method after sedimentation by formal–ethyl acetate concentration. The prevalence of intestinal parasites was evaluated with respect to age, gender and the months in which cases were seen. One or more parasites were found in 553 (10.67%) of the 5178 stool samples. Of these, 39.8% were female and 60.2, male. The distribution of the intestinal parasites was as follows; G. intestinalis in 138 cases (24.9%), E. vermicularis in 129 cases (23.3%), D. fragilis in 10 cases (1.8%), I. bütschlii cysts in 26 cases (4.7%), Taenia spp in 17 cases (3.07%) and Chilomastix mesnili in one case (0.18%). The rate of the presence of intestinal parasites in the 0-14 age group was higher than that of other groups. The incidence of parasitic diseases was lower in this study as compared to the results previously reported from our hospital. In our region intestinal parasites were predominantly protozoan whereas a lower rate of helminth isolations was noticeable. Parasitic infections continue to be an important public health problem in our country.  

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