E-ISSN 2146-3077
Original Article
Androctonus crassicauda (Olivier 1807) Scorpionism in the Sanliurfa Provinces of Turkey
1 Refik Saydam Hıfzısıhha Merkez Başkanlığı, Sıhhıye Ankara  
2 Refik Saydam Hygiene Center, Poison Research Center  
3 Ankara University Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Department of Statistic  
4 Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi, Parazitoloji Anabilim Dalı, Ankara, Türkiye  
Turkiye Parazitol Derg 2006; 30: 239-245

Key Words: Scorpion; Androctonus crassicauda; Turkey; scorpionism; epidemiology; clinical symptoms
Abstract

In this study, the epidemiology and clinical findings of scorpion stings in the Şanlıurfa province of Turkey was evaluated between May and September 2003. Data obtained from questionnaires was evaluated and the identification of scorpions collected from the region was carried out in the laboratory. It was determined that of the species of scorpions only Androctonus crassicauda was collected. This species plays the major role in 50.8% of scorpionism cases. This study also showed that intoxications caused by A. crassicauda in southeast Anatolia region were seen in the summer during the hot months especially in August. Females and people above 15 years of age were the most affected and they had been stung on the extremities. In clinical evaluations, it was found that 17.7% of the cases showed systemic effects and no deaths were reported. Also parasympathetic effects were more common in comparison to sympathetic effects. 

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