E-ISSN 2146-3077
Original Article
The Serological and Entomological Survey of Zoonotic Visceral Leishmaniasis in Ayvacik Region of Canakkale Province, Turkey
1 Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi Fen Edebiyat Fakültesi Biyoloji Bölümü, Çanakkale  
2 Ege Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Parazitoloji Anabilim Dalı, Bornova, Izmir  
3 Ege Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Parazitoloji Anabilim Dalı, İzmir, Türkiye  
4 Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Tıbbi Parazitoloji Anabilim Dalı, Aydın, Türkiye  
5 Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Parazitoloji Anabilim Dalı, Manisa, Türkiye  
6 Ege Üniversitesi Fen Fakültesi, Biyoloji Anabilim Dalı, İzmir, Türkiye  
7 Ege University Medical School, Department of Parasitology, Bornova, Izmir, Turkey  
8 Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Tıbbi Biyoloji Anabilim Dalı, Çanakkale  
Turkiye Parazitol Derg 2009; 33: 109-113

Key Words: Visceral leishmaniasis, sand fly, Leishmania, Çanakkale, Turkey
Abstract

The field studies were carried out in İlyasfakı village belonging to Ayvacık town, Kalabaklı village and center of Kepez town belonging to Canakkale province to determine the epidemiological situation of visceral leishmaniasis between June and August 2007. A total of 27 blood samples were taken from the dogs which are known as reservoir of Leishmania infantum causing visceral leishmaniasis in human and dogs. The dogs were also examined physically for clinical symptoms of the disease. A total of 789 sand fly specimens were collected using CDC miniature light traps and examined. Six Phlebotomus and one Sergentomyia species were identified as: Phlebotomus negletus, P. tobbi, P. simici, P. papatisi, P. perfiliewi, P. halepensis and S. theodori. Among these species P. neglectus, was found to be a dominant species in İlyasfakı village by the rate of 94.4%, while P. tobbi was also found to be a dominant species in city center (including Kepez) and Kalabakı village by the rate of 50% and 48.1%, respectively. No seropositive dogs were found by IFA test. Seropositivity below cut-off level was only observed in two dogs from Kepez, in dilutions of 1/16 and 1/64. The risk level for human and canine visceral is found to be high and it requires more field studies on canine leishmaniasis in and around the area.  

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