E-ISSN 2146-3077
Original Article
Seroprevalence of Neospora caninum and Coexistence with Toxoplasma gondii in Dogs
1 Kırıkkale Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Parazitoloji Anabilim Dalı  
2 Parazitoloji Anabilim Dalı; 2İç Hastalıkları Anabilim Dalı, Kırıkkale  
3 Parazitoloji Anabilim Dalı; İç Hastalıkları Anabilim Dalı, Kırıkkale  
4 Türkiye Halk Sağlığı Kurumu, Ulusal Parazitoloji Referans Merkez Laboratuvarı, Ankara, Türkiye  
5 Kırıkkale University Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Kırıkkale, Türkiye  
6 Ankara University Veterinary Faculty, Department of Biostatistic, Ankara, Turkey  
7 Kirikkale University Veterinary Faculty, Department of Parasitology, Kirikkale  
Turkiye Parazitol Derg 2009; 33: 116-119

Key Words: Neospora caninum, seroprevalence, Toxoplasma gondii, dog
Abstract

Neospora caninum is a protozoal agent causing abortion and infertility problems in dairy cattle. The objective of the present study was to detect the seroprevalence of N.caninum in dogs and its co-existence with Toxoplasma gondii in some rural and urban regions of Kırıkkale province. A total of 121 blood samples were examined with indirect immunoflorescent antibody test to detect the presence of N.caninum IgG antibodies. The seropositivity of N.caninum was 28.9% in dogs. The seropositivity rate was higher in male dogs than that of females (p<0.05). The seropositivity rate of N.caninum was 36.5% and 20.7% for pure breed and mongrel dogs, respectively (p> 0.05). There was no significant difference amongst the age groups and location of the dogs (rural or urban) (p>0.05). The N.caninum positive serum samples were also examined for the presence of antibodies for T.gondii by Sabin-Feldman Dye test in order to identify the possible serological co-infection, 1/16 and higher titres were evaluated as positive. According to test results, 19 out of 35 N.caninum seropositive dogs (54.3%) showed T.gondii seropositivity.  

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