E-ISSN 2146-3077
Original Article
Evaluation of Cystic Echinococcosis Suspected Patients Applied to National Parasitology Reference Laboratory of Public Health Institution of Turkey Between 2009-2013
1 Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Tıbbi Parazitoloji Anabilim Dalı, Van, Türkiye  
2 Türkiye Halk Sağlığı Kurumu, Ulusal Parazitoloji Referans Merkez Laboratuvarı, Ankara, Türkiye  
3 Hitit Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Tıbbi Mikrobiyoloji Anabilim Dalı, Çorum, Türkiye  
Turkiye Parazitol Derg 2015; 39: 17-21
DOI: 10.5152/tpd.2015.3646
Key Words: Cystic echinococcosis, serology, Ankara
Abstract

Objective: Cystic echinococcosis (CE) caused by the metacestode form of Echinococcus granulosus is an important public health problem common in our country. In this study, anti-E. granulosus antibodies were aimed to investigate in the serum samples of CE suspected patients who applied to the National Parasitology Reference Laboratory of Public Health Institution of Turkey.

 

Methods: In the study, serum samples of 2921 patients which were sent to our laboratories from different hospitals between 1 January 2009 and 31 December 2013 were evaluated with at least one of the following tests: Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA), Indirect Hemaglutination Assay (IHA) and Western Blot (WB) techniques.

 

Results: Four hundred thirty nine (15.03%) of inspected 2921 samples were determined seropositive with at least one of the methods. When the results analyzed by gender, 13% of males and 16.40% of females were found positive. Examined the distribution of the results by years, with a maximum of 25% positivity was observed in 2009. Compatibility was determined at the rate of 91.4% among ELISA and IHA results; also 89.7% among WB and the other tests results.

 

Conclusion: Despite the gradual decreases the CE in Ankara and its surroundings, it is still continues to be a major public health problem. Essential prevention and control measures should be taken to reduce the prevalence of the disease. Also in the diagnosis of the disease, more reliable results can obtained with applying two tests (ELISA/IHA) together and confirm the positivity with WB. 

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