E-ISSN 2146-3077
Review
The Prevalence and Management of Pediculosis Capitis in Turkey: A Systematic Review
1 Kocaeli Üniversitesi Kocaeli Sağlık Yüksekokulu, Hemşirelik Bölümü, Kocaeli, Türkiye  
2 Kocaeli Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Halk Sağlığı Anabilim Dalı, Kocaeli, Türkiye  
3 Kahramanmaraş Halk Sağlığı Müdürlüğü, Bulaşıcı Hastalıklar Kontrol Programı Şube Müdürü, Kahramanmaraş, Türkiye  
Turkiye Parazitol Derg 2015; 39: 135-146
DOI: 10.5152/tpd.2015.3628
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Key Words: Head lice, pediculosis capitis, infestation, management, systematic review
Abstract

This study aimed to examine scientific articles performed in Turkey on the prevalence and management of PK (diagnosis, contagion, prevention, treatment) from a critical perspective. The population of the systematic review consisted of total 63 published and unpublished theses or dissertations and peer-reviewed articles published in Turkish or English in national or foreign scientific journals from studies performed in Turkey between 1982 and 2012 years. It reached 578,938 people in 63 studies. Seventy-eight percent of the studies were related to the prevalence of PK and/or associated factors. The number of the studies was limited regarding diagnosis, prevention, contagion, treatment compliance, difficulties and causes of failure. Of the studies, 90.5% had been performed in public schools, almost exclusively elementary schools. The prevalence of PK was 0.3-34.1%, 0-35.4%, and it was 0.3-34.1% in elementary school children. It increased with years of education. It was double that of the boys in the girls (p<0.05). The prevalence among the subjects with low economic status were 1.9-42.3%, and it increased with worsening economic status (p<0.05). The prevalence reached up to 44.1% among children with illiterate mother. Basic recommendations include increasing the number of studies on the diagnosis, prevention, contagion, treatment compliance and efficacy, treatment failures and difficulties; public health workers also should prioritize investigation of head lice infestation.

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