E-ISSN 2146-3077
Original Article
Comparing the Efficacy of Commercially Available Insecticide and Dimeticone based Solutions on Head Lice, Pediculus capitis: in vitro Trials
1 Department of Parasitology, Celal Bayar University Faculty of Medicine, Manisa, Turkey  
2 Department of Parasitology, Ege University Faculty of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey  
3 Vocational School of Health Sciences, Celal Bayar University, Manisa, Turkey  
Turkiye Parazitol Derg 2015; 39: 305-309
DOI: 10.5152/tpd.2015.4652
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Key Words: Head lice, dimeticone, synthetic insecticides, efficacy, in vitro testing
Abstract

Objective: Head lice infestation is a public health and social problem for almost all countries worldwide. For its treatment, insecticide and dimeticone-based solutions are currently available in the markets in many countries. We aimed to compare the efficacy of commercially available anti-head lice shampoos containing insecticide and physically effective products with different percentages of dimeticone using an in vitro technique.

 

Methods: Head lice specimens were collected from primary school children using special plastic and metal combs. Anti-head lice products were commercially purchased and used directly. The specimens were placed one by one in 5-cm Petri dishes containing a slightly wet filter paper and were kept in a plastic cage at 28±2°C and 50%±20% relative humidity. A standardized protocol was used for testing all the products, and mortality data were obtained after 24 h. Two control tests were performed with each batch of trials. For each product and control, 10-20 head lice specimens were used, and the results were statistically analyzed.

 

Results: Our study demonstrated that among all the tested products, two products containing mineral oils [5.5% dimeticone & silicone (patented product) and dimeticone (no percentage mentioned in the prospectus) & cyclopentasiloxane] were found to be more effective for killing head lice in vitro.

 

Conclusion: Physically effective products can be repetitively used because they are non-toxic and resistance to them is not expected. To control the infestation at a public level, the use of these products needs to be encouraged with respect to their cost price.

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