E-ISSN 2146-3077
Review
Toxoplasma gondii and Epilepsy
1 Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Parazitoloji Anabilim Dalı, Bolu , Türkiye  
2 Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi TIP Fakültesi , Nöroloji Anabilim Dalı , Bolu, Türkiye  
3 Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi Ziraat ve Doğa Bilimleri Fakultesi, Kanatlı Hayvan Yetiştiriciliği, Bolu, Türkiye  
Turkiye Parazitol Derg 2016; 40: 90-96
DOI: 10.5152/tpd.2016.4708
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Key Words: Toxoplasma gondii, epilepsy, neuropsychological disorders
Abstract

Toxoplasma gondii is a zoonotic parasite can be seen in all the vital organ; in the acute phase, it can be found in the blood, cerebrospinal fluid, semen, tears, saliva, urine, and in almost all body fluids. Transplasental infection can lead to fetal damage and miscarriage. Its last hosts are felines and intermediate hosts are all mammals, including humans. People infected by the ingestion of meat containing cysts in undercooked or raw, are thrown oocysts with cat felines By taking in water and food, from mother to fetus transplacental way, the infected organ transplantation, blood transfusion, laboratory accidents and kaprofaj transmitted by mechanical vectors of the invertebrates. Suppression of the immune system is being transformed to the shape and texture of the cysts with bradyzoite. The parasite settles in the cells of the tissue cysts and causes change in the cellular mechanisms, such as cytokinin task. Depending on changes and type of neurotransmitter (GABA, glutamate, serotonin, dopamine) levels in CSF in ions (Ca, K, Cl, Mg), it is believed that there is a change in their concentration. In this review, literature about the relationship between T. gondii and epilepsy and epileptiform activity the importance of parasites, which settle in the brain, will be highlighted. 

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