Detection of Babesia caballi (Nuttall, 1910) and Theileria equi (Syn. Babesia equi , Laveran, 1901) by the Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) in Show and Sport Horses in the Region of Ankara
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Original Investigation
P: 89-93
June 2007

Detection of Babesia caballi (Nuttall, 1910) and Theileria equi (Syn. Babesia equi , Laveran, 1901) by the Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) in Show and Sport Horses in the Region of Ankara

Turkiye Parazitol Derg 2007;31(2):89-93
1. Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Parazitoloji Anabilim Dalı, Ankara
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Received Date: 15.11.2005
Accepted Date: 20.03.2007
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ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to compare the diagnosis of Babesia caballi and Theileria equi by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and microscopic examination of blood specimens collected from show and sport horses in the region of Ankara in 2004. The blood specimens were collected from randomly selected 200 show and sport horses in the region of Ankara during the tick season as well as before and after the tick season for PCR testing. At the same time, Giemsa stained peripheral blood smears were examined for the presence of Babesia spp. and also the horses were examined for the presence of ticks. Of the 200 horse blood samples analyzed, 3% were found to be positive by microscopic examination and and 10 % (B.caballi %3; T.equi %7) by the polymerase chain reaction. The difference between these two methods was confirmed to be statistically important (p<0,001). This is the first study in which Babesia species were investigated in horses in Turkey using the PCR method. Theileria equi was found to be more prevalent than Babesia caballi.

Keywords: Ankara, Babesia caballi, Theileria equi, polymerase chain reaction (PCR)

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